9 vibrant biennials to be sown in June
What should a florist do when an intensive spring sowing is completed and seedlings are planted in a permanent place? Start a new sowing season! Because in June, the time comes to sow biennial flowers. Biennials will not only decorate your garden with flowering in the spring and summer of next year, but some of them, such as forget-me-nots, will create a magnificent cover, suppressing the development of weeds. And late-flowering biennials will fill the gap between spring bulbs and perennials blooming in summer. What biennials can and should be sown in June, I will tell in this article.
Features of biennial cultivation
As you know, two-year-old plants in the first year give a leaflet of foliage, and bloom the next year, after which they die. This is how real biennial plants behave. But there are also some short-lived perennials that are grown as biennials on the same principle. The fact is that in subsequent years, either their decorativeness drops sharply, or the bushes “fall out” themselves.
Biennials are recommended to sow no earlier than the end of May and the end of June, and best of all - in the middle of June. Sowing this group of plants later is risky. In order to safely survive the winter, they need to form decent size outlets before the cold weather arrives.
For sowing, choose a universal substrate with the addition of perlite. You can keep the trays with sown seeds not in the room, but on the street - in a sufficiently lit place, but protected from the midday heat. So that the crops do not rain, it is better to place them under a canopy.
After the seedlings have grown, they can be peaked in pots P9, in which they will be all summer. But in this case they will have to be hidden from extreme heat, showers and strictly controlled so that the earth in the containers does not dry out. In early September, planted plants are planted in a permanent place.
However, if you have free space in the flower garden, you can pee seedlings immediately into the ground, or organize a planting bed-school where they will grow until the fall. For the winter, young plants are better to mulch with compost. In the place where they will be planted, there should be no stagnation of rain or thawed spring water.
Forget-me-not (Myosotis) at home is a short-lived perennial plant, but in culture it is usually grown as a biennial. Flowering is a placer similar to droplets of sky-blue flowers. They rise above soft grayish foliage and bloom for several weeks in spring. Despite the fact that a single flower is small in size, the mass of flowering forget-me-nots look amazing.
It is hard to beat the classic combination - blooming tulips over a carpet of blue forget-me-nots. Such a composition is very popular among gardeners, and it can often be seen in photographs in glossy landscape design magazines. For a change, you can also try combining white and pink forget-me-nots with tulips. But in any case, it should be tall tulips at least 60 centimeters high, since the height of the forget-me-nots is from 20 to 40 centimeters.
It should be borne in mind that forget-me-nots give abundant self-seeding, so sometimes you have to remove unwanted (extra) plants. Forget-me-nots bloom from late April to June. They are grown in the sun, or in partial shade.
Heyrantus (Cheiranthus), or Lacfiol forms branching bushes 15–80 centimeters high. Each flower consists of rounded petals with a length of two to three centimeters. There are many varieties of shades of yellow, orange, red, burgundy, purple, brown, white and cream.
These flowers create magnificent compositions with late tulips and daffodils, becoming for them a very successful background. If lacfoliol grows in a protected place, its wonderful aroma resembling lilacs will linger in the garden longer on warm spring days.
Since cheyrantus belongs to the cruciferous family, sometimes it is necessary to protect young plants from pests that damage cabbage (cruciferous flea and others). Unfortunately, heyrantus is very thermophilic, and it is often grown for flowering in the middle of summer as an annual.
But to try to grow it in a biennial culture for flowering in the spring is really worth it, because during this period there are very few so saturated and deep sunny colors in the flower beds. In this case, for the winter, the cherantus will have to provide good shelter, or leave queen cells in containers for the winter in the basement.
Lunaria (Lunaria) - a biennial known for silvery "moon-like" seed bolls, which serve as the original dried flower. Such “pods” are very difficult to confuse with anything. They are transparent pearly, oblate on both sides and have an oval shape. But lunaria flowers are also a wonderful decoration of the garden in early summer, especially since lunaria tolerates partial shade and can be grown in shady flower gardens.
Lunaria blooms in large panicles, consisting of dark lilac four petal flowers. During the flowering period, it attracts bees, butterflies and other pollinators to the garden. If you want to use seed boxes for dry winter compose, cut the stems at the base at the end of summer and hang them upside down for drying.
There is a particularly decorative variety of lunaria Albiflora "Alba Variegata." It is distinguished not only by the presence of pure white flowers, but also by a golden cream border along the edge of the leaf. Such lunaria will serve as a decoration for the flower garden all season.
4. Digitalis purpurea
High spiers digitalis purpurea (Digitalis purpurea) will not leave anyone indifferent. She is rightfully considered one of the most spectacular biennial plants. Digitalis develops well in the sun, but tolerates partial shade too. This plant brings into the garden an atmosphere of a corner of wildlife, but can also be used in traditional gardens. In addition, digitalis is not bad in a bouquet.
During flowering, she actively attracts bumblebees, which are her main pollinators, to the garden. The numerous spots inside the digitalis “bells” serve as peculiar tracks-pointers for shaggy pollinators, and for flower lovers they make the plant look original and cute.
The most common digitalis colors are shades of purple, but pure white, yellow and pale pink varieties are also found. The largest flowers bloom in varieties The Purple Giant and Katie Montain, and the richest color palette of varietal series "Camelot". All parts of the plant, including seeds, are poisonous, and this should be borne in mind if children or pets walk in the garden.
Hesperis (Hesperis matronalis) - This biennial plant dissolves bunches of discreet flowers with a delicious aroma. Blossoming inflorescences on stems up to 70 cm tall. Hesperis grows very well in partial shade, and this is a real find for decorating the shady corners of the garden. With their white or lilac inflorescences, they are able to visually lighten the dark corners of the site. A flowering plant attracts bees, beneficial insects, butterflies, moths and other pollinators to the garden. In addition, it stands well in a vase.
In fact, it is a short-lived perennial plant. But to ensure healthy, flowering plants, it is better to consider it as a biennial and sow it every year. Externally, the flowers of hesperis are very similar to lunaria. True, they can be distinguished by the sign that hesperis is a fabulously smelling plant whose aroma is especially pronounced in the evening.
Hesperis can be sown from early spring to mid-summer, and flowering will begin next year. It is also a good option for a “small care” garden. The plant propagates well by self-sowing, and unwanted seedlings can be removed at a young age. Hesperis is grown in moisture-intensive, well-drained soil and is a very unpretentious plant.
6. Turkish clove
Turkish Carnation, or Barbatus (Dianthus barbatus) Is a garden plant familiar from childhood, which can often be seen in front gardens or country gardens. Turkish carnation is attractive due to the abundance of medium-sized, but very bright flowers. Turkish carnations have numerous varieties of various colors, with all kinds of patterns on the petals. By color, they are white, pink, red, raspberry, right down to deep purple hues. At the same time, cloves smell amazing!
To plant this plant, select a place in full sun. Carnation primers prefer sandy soils with good drainage, neutral or slightly acidic, but in principle they are undemanding to the growing conditions. The plant forms branchy bushes up to 40-60 centimeters high. The main scope of their application in landscaping is flower borders and flower beds.
Abundant flowering on average lasts from 2 to 3 weeks to a month. To achieve the greatest decorative effect, Turkish cloves are grown in large groups. To some gardeners, this flower may seem trite and old-fashioned. But in fact, there is a place for Barbatus cloves in a modern garden, if you plant a variegated curtain from a mixture of colors, and use in the flower garden a clove of the same variety, not too colorful.
Aquilegia (Aquilegia) is a short-lived perennial, but it can also be grown in the form of a two-year plant, sowing in the middle or end of summer for flowering next spring. Most often, simple catchment varieties are grown as an unpretentious perennial. He actually lives his life, is sown where necessary, but does not cause any particular problems, since this is a medium-sized and non-aggressive plant.
But, as for modern varieties, they should be grown precisely as a biennial and regularly renewed, since varietal qualities are most likely not transmitted during self-sowing. At the same time, modern aquilegia has really unusual varieties. For example, aquilegia Barlow Black It has thick double and almost black flowers. At the catchment variety BlackCare Ice a magnificent combination of burgundy edges of the petals and orange inside. Aquilegia Winky Double Blue and White It is a magnificent lace terry purple-white flowers with rounded petals.
The best spot for aquilegia is the “spotted shadow” - under the trees or a partially shaded place in a fairly moist, but well-drained soil. The catchment can also be cut to create bouquets, which will help prolong flowering. Although aquilegia does not bloom for long, flower beds also adorn its delicate leaves.
8. Mallow (rose stock)
Mallow, or Stem Rose (Alcea) Is a perennial plant, but with age, mallow often become victims of such a fungal disease as rust. It affects the leaves and greatly spoils the appearance of the plant. Considering them as a two-year-old plant, you can get the best from them in the first year of flowering before the disease severely affects the bushes and weakens them. And as perennials, you can grow disease-resistant varieties that also have bright flowers, and are attractive to pollinator insects.
If the plant shows signs of rust in the first year, you must immediately remove and burn the leaves. The only salvation from this disease is preventive spraying. They prevent the appearance of rust, but there must be at least 4 per season.
Best of all, mallow will grow in full sun in moist but well-drained soil. This is, indeed, a powerful plant that can reach 180 centimeters and even higher. The leaves growing in the first year form a very attractive outwardly outlet. The diameter of mallow flowers is 4-5 centimeters.
There are both simple and terry varieties resembling small peonies of various colors. The stem rose is black with flowers of deep purple color - it is very original and does not have the role of a “village flower”. Such a plant is suitable for stylish modern flower beds.
9. Medium bell
Medium bell (Campanula medium) - a large bell of an aristocratic appearance with very delicate flowers of violet, white or pink color. Depending on the variety, the flowers are simple, double (usually called “a cup and saucer”) and double. Usually they are planted in flower beds or along paths. Florists value this flower very highly, as the bells stand in a vase for a long time. Flowers are ready for pruning when the buds have already acquired color, but have not yet opened.
Some flower growers do not like this spectacular plant because of the short flowering period, but in fact it can be extended by competent cutting. To do this, after flowering the bush, it is necessary to cut off not all the inflorescences as a whole, but carefully cut each individual flower, and then new ones will soon bloom from the sinuses.
This plant is best grown in full sun or in light partial shade, on humus-rich, well-drained soil. The flowering period is June-August. The height of the bush is 60-80 centimeters. For better wintering, plants can be protected, for example, with fir branches.