Nutrition of cucumbers - from seedlings to harvest
Cucumber is perhaps the most popular culture among our gardeners. Many consider it an unpretentious plant, but this is a moot point, because the yield of beautiful aligned fruits untouched by the disease depends on many factors. High-quality seed, healthy soil, balanced nutrition, weather conditions and, of course, care are of great importance. In this article, we’ll talk about how to avoid many mistakes when growing this vegetable using the Bui Fertilizers Food Cucumber System.
"Power System" for the cucumber
Before getting to our table, cucumbers go the hard way from preparing seeds for sowing to harvesting. And in each period of the growing season, the plant needs a certain set of nutrients. The company "Buyskie fertilizers" offers to use a complex of dressings called "The nutrition system for the cucumber."
A set consisting of several types of fertilizers in personal packaging will help you not to make a mistake when choosing the necessary nutrients for each stage, and the instruction will serve as an excellent cheat sheet for the timing, quantity and methods of application.
The system includes:
- "Aquamix" - a complex of trace elements;
- "OMU Rost" - organic fertilizer for seedlings;
- "WMD for cucumbers, pumpkins, squash and squash";
- "Aquarin" for seedlings;
- "Calcium nitrate";
- "Aquarium Universal";
- "Magnesium sulfate";
- “Aquarium for fruiting.
Step 1 - seed treatment before sowing
As with growing any seedlings, the seeds of cucumbers must be processed before sowing. Seeds purchased in the store, as a rule, are already disinfected, and dragee or inlaid, in general, are fully prepared for sowing, and you do not need to do anything with them. Typically, such information can be found on the packaging.
If your seeds, native, or purchased on the market, for starters it is advisable to calibrate them - select the largest and most full-bodied. The selected seeds are immersed in salted water, well mix those that sink to the bottom, and selected for sowing.
To increase the germination capacity of cucumber seeds, the specialists of the company "Buyskie fertilizers" advise them to soak them for 8-12 hours in a solution of vitamins for plants "Aquamix". This complex contains the optimal balance of trace elements, which will not only accelerate the germination of seeds, but also contribute to increasing the resistance of seedlings to diseases and bad weather conditions.
“Aquamix” contains chelates Fe, Zn, Cu, Mn, Ca, Mo, B that are readily available for plants. Seedlings, having received all the necessary substances at the start, further better absorb nutrition from the soil, grow well and develop well, tie fruit well and delight excellent harvest.
Step 2 - soil preparation and sowing
Cucumbers love loose fertile soil, so you need to sow seeds in a quality substrate. If there is no possibility or desire to engage in soil preparation, you can use ready-made soil, such as the "Magic Garden". A complete set of nutrients and the absence of pathogens is an ideal environment for growing seedlings.
Many experienced gardeners do not trust purchased soils and prepare the mixture on their own. As a rule, peat, humus, garden and leaf land are taken for this. Various micronutrients are added to nourish this soil. To simplify the task and avoid mistakes when composing the mixture, use the OMU-Rost complex organic-mineral fertilizer, which is also included in the “Cucumber Nutrition System”.
This is a granular micronutrient complex of prolonged action. The basis of the drug is lowland peat, enriched with humic substances, macro- and microelements. The organomineral granule of WMD is a kind of storehouse of micronutrients for nutrition, where plants absorb up to 80-90% of useful substances, while the percentage of assimilation from mineral fertilizers is only 25-30.
When preparing the soil, add 1 sachet (50 g) of OMU-Rost to 5-7 liters of soil mix and mix well. Cucumbers do not tolerate transplanting and picking is clearly not for them, therefore it is better to sow in peat or soft plastic cups, from which it will be possible to take out the sprouts without damaging the roots. We fill the glasses with soil, in each we make 2-3 holes with a depth of about 1.5 cm, spread the seeds and sprinkle with soil. If there are few seeds and they are very valuable - put one seed per cup, gently press the surface and water.
Before germination, it is very important to maintain a temperature of + 25ºС. When growing seedlings, the optimum temperature is + 22 ... + 25ºС during the day and + 18 ... + 20ºС at night. The difference of several degrees between daytime and nighttime temperatures will ensure the correct development of both tips and roots.
Step 3 - feeding for cucumber seedlings
Cucumbers during growth and fruiting consume many useful substances, so providing them with proper nutrition is task No. 1 for the gardener. Experienced farmers have their own, over the years verified feeding schemes, which they follow strictly, therefore, usually they do not remain without a crop of cucumbers.
And what to do "young and inexperienced"? After all, everyone understands that underfeeding is just as harmful as overfeeding - both those and other shortcomings will lead to a deterioration in the taste and appearance of the fruit, or even leave it without a crop.
In the initial period of development and before flowering begins, cucumbers will need a relatively large amount of phosphorus, and this element is emphasized in the complex fertilizer “Aquarin” for seedlings. For leaf and root dressings, 10-20 g of powder is diluted in 10 l of water. Top dressing is carried out every 10-14 days, alternating with spraying and watering.
Trace elements in the form of chelates will fully provide the plants with all the necessary substances, which will affect the increase in resistance to diseases and weather conditions, as well as the improvement of flowering and fruiting.
Step 4 - basic soil application
“WMD for cucumbers, pumpkins, zucchini and squash” - a complex organic-mineral fertilizer in the form of granules, which is part of the “Food System”, will provide cucumbers with all the necessary elements. It can be used throughout the entire growing season.
When preparing the beds for planting, the preparation is scattered at the rate of 30 g per 1 m², and then dug up. You can apply fertilizer directly to the well when planting - 20 g of granules are enough for one well. After transplanting seedlings into the ground, 1-3 dressings are carried out with an interval of 20 days. In this case, the drug is scattered around the plant (10-30 g), loosened and watered. In addition to nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium in a ratio of 7: 10: 5, the preparation contains magnesium, sulfur, copper, zinc, manganese iron, boron and humic compounds. The readily available form of nutrients and the prolonged action of the drug eliminate the possibility of oversupply, and a rich composition will provide the plants with a complete diet.
Step 5 - feeding before flowering
Flowering is a very important period in the life of cucumbers. He will show what the crop will be like. And here a lot depends on proper care and balanced top dressing.
Calcium plays a large role in plant life, and deficiency of this element cannot be tolerated. Calcium helps plants develop the root system, resist disease and withstand heat shock, and elevated temperatures, especially in greenhouses, often lead to yellowing and drying of the ovaries.
Calcium improves the absorption of nutrients, including nitrogen, which is necessary, first of all, to increase the green mass of the plant and the photosynthesis process.
And both of these substances - nitrogen and calcium - are contained in Calcium Nitrate. Root dressing is carried out with an interval of 15-20 days, using a solution of 20 g of the drug per 10 liters of water. Calcium can not be mixed with most fertilizers, therefore, feeding with "Calcium Nitrate" is carried out in between the use of other drugs.
With the beginning of flowering, top dressing with this agent is better to stop, at this time phosphorus-potassium fertilizers become more relevant for cucumbers.
"Aquarin Universal" is a complex mineral fertilizer in a water-soluble form, which will provide cucumbers during flowering and fruit setting with everything necessary. Trace minerals are contained in the form of complex organic salts - chelates, which allows plants to absorb nutrients most fully.
With a solution of the drug, 20 g per 10 liters of water are watered or sprayed with plants once a week. "Aquarin Universal" can be used in combination with protective equipment, which significantly saves time and energy.
Step 6 - feeding during fruit setting
During fruit setting, in addition to the Universal Aquarium, which is indispensable in this period, you can feed cucumbers with “Magnesium Sulphate”. This drug, which is part of the "Cucumber Nutrition System", will be very helpful when signs of chlorosis appear and will help restore the photosynthetic ability of the leaves. Magnesium is part of chlorophyll and is a vital element for plants. With magnesium deficiency, many processes are disrupted, including photosynthesis and respiratory metabolism.
“Magnesium sulfate”, in addition to magnesium itself, also contains sulfur, which is part of proteins and amino acids, as well as some enzymes involved in the respiratory process. Therefore, sulfur deficiency negatively affects metabolism and energy production. “Magnesium sulfate can be used as root and foliar top dressing, and also applied in spring when preparing the soil for planting (7-10 g per 1 m²).
Step 7 - feeding for fruiting
And here it is, that very pleasant moment when you can already taste the result of your labors! But our cucumbers all continue to grow, only the consumption of nutrients now goes to the formation of fruits. And this means that the losses need to be replenished so that the first wave of crunchy greens is not the last.
During this period, the next drug, "Cucumber Nutrition Systems" will help - "Aquarin for fruiting." This tool, in addition to the necessary set of micro and macro elements, is characterized by a high content of potassium - the main driving force of plant juices. Potassium is responsible for both the growth of lashes and the loading of fruits. For root and foliar top dressing, 20 g of powder is dissolved in 10 l of water. When spraying, the drug can be combined with plant protection products.
Dear readers! The Cucumber Nutrition System fertilizer set is packed in a convenient plastic container and is designed for 10 m² of planting area. Competent instructions from the company's professionals will help you to correctly and promptly make the necessary preparations. Have a good harvest!