Propagation of bulb crops in indoor conditions
Among lovers of indoor floriculture there are many who prefer bulb crops. Hyacinths, tulips, daffodils, hippeastrum, crocuses - spring flowers are often used for distillation. The bright color of the amaryllises and tulips, the wonderful aroma and tenderness of daffodils, hyacinths and crocuses - beautiful spring flowers - made them desirable not only for dirt, but also for room culture.
Bulbs consist of many colorless flakes enclosed in a thin elastic membrane. Scales are colorless leaves that store a supply of nutrients accumulated during the growth period. After flowering, the old bulb dies, and in its place a new one is formed, with several small onions — children. They are of the highest quality and, depending on the size, bloom in the 2nd or 3rd year. In autumn, bulbs for growing are planted in a box in a well-prepared, light soil to a depth of two or three times their size. To obtain good planting material, bulbs during growth and development must be regularly watered and fed twice: during the emergence period and after a month. When leaves begin to turn yellow on the plant, the bulbs are dug out from the soil. They are dried, cleaned, sorted and put away for storage.
For the rapid propagation of bulbous plants (hyacinths, muscari, daffodils), it is recommended to use the method of cutting and notching their bottom.
A well sharpened knife cut the bottom of the bulb. Do this carefully so as not to damage the core of the bulb.
All scaly leaves are removed bases.
Sections at the bottom are treated with fungicide.
The bulbs are placed on a wire mesh or on a saucer with dry sand with the bottom up and kept at a temperature of 21 - 22 ° C.
After 2 - 3 months, small bulbs form in the places of cut.
Each maternal bulb is planted upside down in a substrate, lightly sprinkled with sand and placed in a cool place.
The grown onion children are separated from the mother plant, dried, the largest ones are selected and planted on a substrate.
It is possible to obtain planting material for some bulbous plants by the method of their propagation by scales (leafy cuttings). To do this, in slightly faded bulbs, scales are broken out as close to the bottom as possible.
They are extracted directly from the soil, after first exposing the bulb.
The scales are treated with fungicide for several minutes.
Then a substrate is prepared from vermiculite or a mixture of previously sterilized wet peat and coarse sand in a ratio of 1: 1.
Separated scales are planted in the warmed mixture.
The dishes are placed in a plastic bag, filled with air and left in a well-ventilated dark room.
After 6-8 weeks, bulbs will form at the base of the scales.
When they grow up, they are transplanted into small pots.
However, this method is quite time-consuming, so amateur gardeners rarely use it.
- V.V. Vorontsov, Indoor plants - a new care guide.